Friday, July 29, 2011

*EASY* Egyptian Arabic Possession, Prepositions & Pronouns

* 7 = ح (haa) - sounds like an aspirated "h"
* 2 = أ (hamza) - glottal stop
* 3 = ع ('ain) - a "choked" letter sounding like an "a" you can't represent with the English alphabet


Prepositions:
These words are just like that in English. 

against - 3ala
from - min
like - zay
on - 3ala
for - 3ashaan
with - ma3



Pronouns:

Two types of Pronouns: Subject and Object pronouns

Subject Pronouns:

I - ana
you (m) - enta
you (f) - enti
he - howa
she - hiyya
we - i7na
you - into
they - homma


Object Pronouns: 
have what is called Direct Object Pronouns and Indirect Object pronouns. Both act like suffixes and are added to the end of the verb.

Direct Object Pronouns are:

me - ee
you (m) - ak
you (f) - ik
him/ it - o
her/ it - ha
us - na
you (pl) - ko
them - hom

Masalan (for example)...

I saw them - ana shuftohom

I like it - ba7ibbo  


Indirect Object Pronouns are:

to me - nee/ -lee
to you (m) - lak
to you (f) - lik
to him - lo
to her - laha
to us - lina
to you (pl) - loko
to them - lohom



Masalan (for example)...

she talks to me -  hiyya bitkallimnee

we write to you - i7na biniktiblik


**When a direct and indirect object pronoun appear in the same sentence, the structure is:

verb + direct object + indirect object (both of which are still being added to the end of the verb)

Masalan (for example)...

Write it for me - iktib-haalee 

Send them to us - iba3at-homlina 

***These direct object pronouns can also be added to prepositions!

Masalan (for example)...

from me -  min-nee
like you (pl) - zay-ku
for them -  3ashaan-hom
This letter is from her- il maktoob da minha 


Possession - part 2

Belonging to, or bitaa3 is translated into (my, yours, our, etc). It is used only for people! It must agree with number and gender of the noun!


For Masculine Nouns:

my/ mine - bitaa3ee
your/ yours (m) - bitaa3ak
your/ yours (f) - bitaa3ik
his - bitaa3o
her - bitaa3ha
our/ours - bitaa3na
your/  yours (pl) - bitaa3ko
their/ theirs - bitaa3hom

For Feminine Nouns:

my/ mine - bitaa3tee
your/ yours (m) - bitaa3tak
your/ yours (f) - bitaa3tik
his - bitaa3to
her - bitaa3itha
our/ours - bitaa3itna
your/  yours (pl) - bitaa3itko
their/ theirs - bitaa3it-hom



Masalan (for example)...

her book (m); the book is hers - il kitab bitaa3ha

their bag (f); the bag is theirs (f) - ish shanta bitaa3it-hom 





Credits to Lonely Planet - Egyptian Arabic  

1 comment:

  1. English Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the English language.

    Subject and Object Pronouns

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