Friday, July 29, 2011

*EASY* Egyptian Adjectives!

Adjectives!
Adjectives are placed after the noun and act very much like nouns themselves. They must (just like nouns) agree with number and gender. The adjective can have a definite article in front of it. Whether it has one or not changes the meaning of the sentence:

* 7 = ح (haa) - sounds like an aspirated "h"
* 2 = أ (hamza) - glottal stop
* 3 = ع ('ain) - a "choked" letter sounding like an "a" you can't represent with the English alphabet



the big dog - ek kalb ek kabeer (m) 
the dog is big - ek kalb kabeer (m) 


**Remember there is no "is/ to be" in arabic!! It is simply omitted! 


To make an adjective feminine, just add "-a" to the end. 


the popular girl - el bint el ma7booba (f) 
the girl is popular - el bint ma7booba (f) 


Plurals of Adjectives!
They act the same way as nouns for the most part. There are 3 generalizations:

1. Plural adjectives with nouns that refer to people: add "-een" to the singular form of the adjective. 
masalan: 
the happy teacher - el modarris el mabsoot --> the happy teachers - el modarriseen el mabsooteen 
the angry tourist - el sayi7 el za3laan          --> the angry tourists - el sowwa7 el za3laneen

2. Irregular form of the plural adjective is replacing the long vowel in the middle of the word with a long "a" sound. 
masalan: 
the big girl - el bint ek kabeera  --> the big girls - el banat ik kuba

3. All plurals that refer to objects use the feminine singular form of the adjective. Disregard gender and number. 
masalan:
the big house - el bayt ek kabeer           --> the big houses - el boyoot ek kibeera
the small bus - el otobees is soghayyar --> the small buses - el otobeesaat es soghayyara 




Credits to Lonely Planet - Egyptian Arabic  
 

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