Adjectives are placed after the noun and act very much like nouns themselves. They must (just like nouns) agree with number and gender. The adjective can have a definite article in front of it. Whether it has one or not changes the meaning of the sentence:
* 7 = ح (haa) - sounds like an aspirated "h"
* 2 = أ (hamza) - glottal stop
* 3 = ع ('ain) - a "choked" letter sounding like an "a" you can't represent with the English alphabet
the big dog - ek kalb ek kabeer (m)
the dog is big - ek kalb kabeer (m)
**Remember there is no "is/ to be" in arabic!! It is simply omitted!
To make an adjective feminine, just add "-a" to the end.
the popular girl - el bint el ma7booba (f)
the girl is popular - el bint ma7booba (f)
Plurals of Adjectives!
They act the same way as nouns for the most part. There are 3 generalizations:
1. Plural adjectives with nouns that refer to people: add "-een" to the singular form of the adjective.
the happy teacher - el modarris el mabsoot --> the happy teachers - el modarriseen el mabsooteen
the angry tourist - el sayi7 el za3laan --> the angry tourists - el sowwa7 el za3laneen
2. Irregular form of the plural adjective is replacing the long vowel in the middle of the word with a long "a" sound.
the big girl - el bint ek kabeera --> the big girls - el banat ik kubar
3. All plurals that refer to objects use the feminine singular form of the adjective. Disregard gender and number.
the big house - el bayt ek kabeer --> the big houses - el boyoot ek kibeera
the small bus - el otobees is soghayyar --> the small buses - el otobeesaat es soghayyara
Credits to Lonely Planet - Egyptian Arabic